Tag Archive | Buddhism

The Sultanganj Buddha 1864-2014

Sultanganj, Bihar, India, February 2014

Sultanganj, Bihar, India, February 2014

150 years ago today the Sultanganj Buddha, one of the most important objects in Birmingham’s collection, was offered to the Corporation of Birmingham. On 7 October 1864 Samuel Thornton, a former mayor of the city, wrote to Birmingham Borough Council offering:

“…the colossal figure of Buddha, and the large marble one, to the town, to be placed in the Art Museum, now being erected, where they may be duly and properly located for the free inspection of the inhabitants of Birmingham…”

The Sultanganj Buddha

The Sultanganj Buddha

Samuel Thornton’s main business was as a railway ironmonger but he also had an interest in ancient India. Following its discovery by engineers constructing the Indian Railway in 1861, he paid £200 to have the two-metre tall copper Buddha transported to England.

Sultanganj Railway Station, February 2014

Sultanganj Railway Station, February 2014

In 1867 the Buddha went on display in the ‘Corporation Art Gallery,’ a room in the Central library. In 1885 it went on display in the newly built Museum and Art Gallery. Today the statue is displayed in the Buddha Gallery. Offerings of flowers are frequently left at the feet of the statue by Buddhist visitors. To commemorate the 150th anniversary, the statue will be blessed by monks from the Birmingham Buddhist Vihara at a public ceremony on Wednesday 8 October between 11am and 1pm.

Origami lotus flowers left at the feet of the Buddha by visitors to the Museum, October 2014

Origami lotus flowers left at the feet of the Buddha by visitors to the Museum, October 2014

Adam Jaffer,
Curator of World Cultures